The Regulation concerning a European Rail Network for Competitive Freight (Rail Freight Regulation 913/2010) entered into force on 9 November 2010. This Regulation requests Member States to establish international market-oriented Rail Freight Corridors (RFCs) to meet three main challenges:
- Strengthening co-operation between Infrastructure Managers on key aspects such as allocation of paths, deployment of interoperable systems and infrastructure development
- Finding the right balance between freight and passenger traffic along the Rail Freight Corridors, giving adequate capacity for freight in line with market needs and ensuring that common punctuality targets for freight trains are met
- Promoting intermodality between rail and other transport modes by integrating terminals into the corridor management process.
The EU Commission has adopted this regulation, which deals with the creation of eleven freight corridors in a European rail network.
Corridors incorporating Norway
The corridor that incorporates Norway (according to Appendix 1 of the Regulation) is ScanMed Rail Freight Corridor (Scandinavian Mediterranean RFC3), Central North – South Corridor, which includes the stretch of line between Stockholm/Oslo, Malmö, Copenhagen, Hamburg, Innsbruck, Verona and Palermo.
Why freight corridors?
The purpose of freight corridors is to facilitate mobility for goods through Europe and to strengthen competitiveness for industry and commerce. It is a matter of ensuring that there are integrated timetables through a number of countries so that transportation is linked together from point A to B. The corridor shall be ready for traffic by 9 November 2015 at the latest.